Who Monkeypox Global Emergency – The world is full of deadly viruses, and coronavirus or COVID-19 is just one example. You might have started hearing about these viruses when COVID-19 first hit the world, but let me assure you, there are a huge number of viruses in the world.
Some of those viruses are rare, and some are more common than others. Monkeypox is another virus that has been spreading at a rapid speed in the whole world. Previously health experts thought that monkeypox was just limited to countries where people do not take much care of hygiene, but that myth has been broken as it has been spreading in Western countries also.
The World Health Organization has also announced monkeypox as a global emergency. That is why today we are here to discuss monkeypox so that you can ensure your safety along with the safety of your friends and family.
What is the monkeypox virus?
Monkeypox is a viral disease that is caused by the virus named monkey box. The virus was first discovered back in 1958 and went to outbreaks of folks like disease word recorded in colonies of monkeys. These monkeys were kept for research purposes, and that is why health experts named it as monkeypox virus.
The origin of the virus is still unknown, but most health experts believe it is a combination of different viruses or a variant of any virus mixed with monkey genes.
With this latest outbreak of the monkeypox virus in Western countries, everyone thought that monkeypox was limited to several central and western African countries. Their myth was genuine as other countries were not reporting any cases of monkeypox for years.
What are the causes of the monkeypox virus?
Before we move ahead, let’s discuss the main question of the day. Technically speaking, monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus. The virus belongs to the same group, which can also cause smallpox and cowpox.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have recently released guidelines related to major causes of the monkeypox virus. As per those guidelines, there could be several reasons which can cause the monkeypox virus.
The monkeypox virus can spread through close contact with someone infected with the virus. Apart from that, it can also spread through skin-to-skin contact. It can also spread if you touch objects, fabrics, or surfaces that have been used by someone infected with the virus.
The virus can also spread through sexual intercourse, hugging, massage, toys, and kissing. Apart from all that, having multiple or anonymous intercourse partners can also increase your chances of exposure.
The Centers for Disease Control and prevention will limit the number of your intercourse partners and can also reduce your chances of exposure.
WHO declared Monkeypox a Global Emergency
After four months and 19,000 cases worldwide, the World Health Organization has announced the monkeypox virus as a global emergency.
The head of World Health org declared monkeypox as a global emergency on the 24th of July 2022. Previously the spread of the virus was limited to western and central Africa, but now it has spread to the European Union and other Western countries also.
In recent weeks Asian countries, including India, Singapore, and Thailand, have also reported some cases of the monkeypox virus. Surprisingly, the Chinese authorities have not reported any case of the monkey book virus, but Russia has reported at least one positive case of the monkeypox virus.
Monkeypox viruses have spread through 76 countries, and 70 countries out of those 76 have never reported any case of monkeypox virus whatsoever. The total cases of the monkeypox virus are also rising at a rapid speed.
In its statement, the World Health Organization further mentioned that yes, it is true that cases of the monkeypox virus are decreasing in Europe, and the majority of positive infections are still occurring in men who have intercourse with other men.
For example, in the United Kingdom, 97% of positive cases of monkeypox virus are in men who have intercourse with other men.
From the very first day of monkeypox spread, the safety guard for the virus was released by the Centers for Disease Control and prevention along with the World Health Organization.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention urged everyone to avoid nonessential travel until the situation is cleared of the virus. Monkeypox has been reported in more than 76 countries, including Europe, the Middle East, and Australia.
A huge number of cases have been reported where men have intercourse with other men. At the same time, some cases have also been reported where an infected person was in the same house.
If you are traveling, then you should have close contact with sick people, including people with skin lesions. Apart from that, you can also avoid any type of contact with dead or live wild animals such as rodents and no human primates.
At the same time, you can also avoid eating or preparing any type of meat from wild game or products derived from wild animals from Africa.
Lastly, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention mentioned that the risk to general people is pretty low, but you should be aware that it can happen to anyone. If you are developing an unexplained rash, then you should consult with your doctor as early as possible.
In case you believe you have a monkeypox virus, then let your hospital know that you are visiting them so that they can prepare in advance. People who are not able to call ahead can let the staff member know as soon as they arrive at the premises.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also suggest everyone get vaccinated with the vaccine for the monkeypox virus if they have been exposed to the virus. Yes, a vaccine for the monkeypox virus can help even if a person has been infected with the virus already.
How deadly is the monkeypox virus?
Until July 2022, the United States of America had not reported any death related to the monkeypox virus. The studies related to the spread of the monkeypox virus in central and western Africa are limited, but those studies reported around 1 to 10% chances of death due to the virus. Apart from that, the United States records most cases of monkeypox virus related to the West African strain, which is known to be less fatal.